On the way, he stopped in Rhodes where the exiled Cato the Younger offered him advice on how to approach the Roman aristocracy, but no tangible support. Ptolemaios XII Auletes (117–51 TCN, tiếng Hy Lạp: Αὐλητής, Πτολεμαῖος) là một pharaon Ai Cập. Ptolemy XII Auletes — see Cleopatra VII.  In 57 BC, pressure from the Roman public forced the Senate's decision to restore Ptolemy. When Cleopatra assumed power over Egypt, she succeeded Ptolemy XII Neos Dionysos (Auletes) as the Pharaoh of the Ptolemaic Dynasty. Generally, descriptions of Ptolemy XII portray him as weak and self-indulgent, drunk, or a lover of music. The courtiers in Alexandria forced Ptolemy to step down from the thone and leave Egypt. The images of her that had been carved on the main pylon of the Temple of Horus at Edfu were covered over at this time.  During this time, Roman creditors realized that they would not get the return on their loans to the king without his restoration. However, Rome did not wish to invade Egypt to restore the king, since the Sibylline books stated that if an Egyptian king asked for help and Rome proceeded with military intervention, great dangers and difficulties would occur. He died about -51 in 51 BCE, Egypt. She was born in 70 or 69 BCE in the house of Ptolemy XII (Auletes), a descendant of Ptolemy I Soter, who was one of Alexander The Great’s generals and the founder of the Ptolemaic line in Egypt. Ptolemy XII was the oldest son of Ptolemy IX Soter. ), also known as King Ptolemy Auletes, was an Egyptian pharaoh during the Ptolemaic dynasty. Ptolemy XII Auletes is the 916th most popular politician (up from 1,061st in 2019), the 4th most popular biography from Cyprus and the most popular Cypriot Politician. Generally, descriptions of Ptolemy XII portray him as weak and self-indulgent, drunk, or a lover of music. Early life. Ptolemy XII Auletes King of Egypt King of Egypt was born about -117 in Abt,British Columbia,Canada, son of Ptolemy IX Soter II Lathyros King of Egypt King of Egypt and Harem girl of Egypt., they gave birth to 1 child. After him are Makarios III (1913), Nicos Anastasiades (1946), Rauf Denktaş (1924), Demetris Christofias (1946), Tassos Papadopoulos (1934), Mustafa Akıncı (1947), Alparslan Türkeş (1917), Leo V, King of Armenia (1342), Glafcos Clerides (1919), Isaac Komnenos of Cyprus (1155), and Evagoras I (-435).  By 109 BC, Ptolemy IX had begun the process of introducing Ptolemy XII to public life. Read more on Wikipedia. After him are Makarios III (1913), Nicos Anastasiades (1946), Saint Spyridon (270), Rauf Denktaş (1924), Demetris Christofias (1946), Michael Cacoyannis (1922), Tassos Papadopoulos (1934), and Mustafa Akıncı (1947).  In return, a formal alliance or foedus was formed. In 107 BC she forced him to flee Alexandria for Cyprus and replaced him as co-regent with his younger brother Ptolemy X Alexander. Ptolemy Auletes before Isis and Osiris, at the Hathor Temple, Dendera. Finally, she became the sole ruler and Pharaoh of Egypt. This title was probably meant to reinforce Ptolemy XII's claim to the throne in the face of claims that his parentage meant that he was an illegitimate son of Ptolemy IX and therefore not entitled to rule. Following Cleopatra Tryphaena's death a year later, Berenice ruled alone from 57 to 56 BC. As a matter of fact Cleopatra had to marry her brothers in order to maintain her status as queen. Ptolemeusz XII Auletes, jako egipski faraon. In an effort to prevent this, Ptolemy XII established an alliance with Rome late into his first reign. Rome annexed Cyprus in 58 BC, causing Ptolemy of Cyprus to commit suicide. The Alexandrians then summoned Ptolemy XII to return to Egypt and assume the kingship; his brother became king of Cyprus, where he would reign until 58 BC. , The philosopher Porphyry (c. 234 – c. 305 AD) wrote of Ptolemy XII's daughter Cleopatra VI Tryphaena, who reigned alongside her sister Berenice. As a member of the Ptolemaic dynasty, he was a descendant of its founder, Ptolemy I. Ptolemy XII was an illegitimate son of Ptolemy IX by an uncertain mother. Fact 6 Cleopatra originally ruled jointly with her father, Ptolemy XII Auletes, and later with her brothers, Ptolemy XIII and Ptolemy XIV, whom she wed according to Egyptian custom, but later she became sole ruler. Ptolemy married his sister Cleopatra V Tryphaena who was with certainty the mother of his eldest known child, Berenice IV. She was the daughter of Ptolemy XII (Auletes), a descendant of Ptolemy I Soter, one of Alexander the Great’s generals. Learning from previous mistakes, Ptolemy XII shifted popular resentment of tax increases from himself to a Roman, his main creditor Gaius Rabirius Postumus, whom he appointed dioiketes (minister of finance), and so in charge of debt repayment. After him are Alfonso XII of Spain, Vasili IV of Russia, Bashar al-Assad, Haakon VII of Norway, Amenhotep I, and Andrei Gromyko. Cleopatra was born in 70 or 69 BC and was the oldest daughter of Pharaoh Ptolemy XII (Auletes) of Egypt. Perhaps Gabinius had also put pressure on Ptolemy XII to appoint Rabirius, who now had direct access to the financial resources of Egypt but exploited the land too much.  The identity of the mother of the last three of Ptolemy's children, in birth order Arsinoe IV, Ptolemy XIII Theos Philopator, and Ptolemy XIV, is also uncertain. , Ptolemy IX made an attempt to reclaim the Ptolemaic throne in 103 BC, by invading Judaea. He was commonly known as Auletes (Αὐλητής, "the Flautist"), referring to the king's love of playing the flute in Dionysian festivals. ), of the Macedonian dynasty, illegitimate son of Ptolemy IX Pt He is assumed to have been an illegitimate son of Ptolemy IX Soter, perhaps by an Alexandrian woman. , Egyptians heard rumours of Rome's possible intervention and disliked the idea of their exiled king's return. , Finally, in 60 BC, Ptolemy XII travelled to Rome, where the First Triumvirate, composed of Pompey, Crassus, and Julius Caesar, had just taken power, in order to negotiate official recognition of his kingship. Look at other dictionaries: Ptolemy XII Auletes — Macedonian king of Egypt Greek“Flute Player”in full Ptolemy XII Theos Philopater Philadelphus Neos Dionysos Auletes born c. 112 BC died 51 BC Macedonian king of Egypt, whose quasi legitimate royal status compelled him to depend heavily … Universalium. , At the moment of Ptolemy XII's restoration, Roman creditors demanded the repayment of their loans, but the Alexandrian treasury could not repay the king's debt. Ptolemy XII Neos Dionysos Philopator Philadelphos (Koinē Greek: Πτολεμαῖος Νέος Διόνυσος Φιλοπάτωρ Φιλάδελφος, Ptolemaĩos, "Ptolemy New Dionysus, Father-lover, Sibling-lover"; c. 117 BC – before 22 March 51 BC) was a king of the Ptolemaic dynasty of Ancient Egypt. Her two older sisters were Berenice IV and Cleopatra VI who may have died early in life. His uncle, Ptolemy X, had left Egypt to Rome in the event there were no surviving heirs, making Roman annexation of Egypt a possibility. Nevertheless, upon entering the palace, Ptolemy had Berenic… Her father was also known as Auletes or the Piper because he played the flute. His favorite daughter, Cleopatra VII succeeded him on the throne. in Alexandria, Egypt. Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Ptolemy XII Auletes has received more than 535,095 page views. Ptolemy XII Auletes of Egypt (Egypt) Birthdate: estimated between 67 BCE and 105 : Birthplace: Isle Cos,,,Egypt: Death: January 29, 246 Alexandria,,,Egypt Immediate Family: Son of Ptolemaios Soter Egypten and Berenice I Egypt Husband of 1st w. of Ptolemy XIV of Egypt Father of Arsione IV of Egypt and Ptolemy XIV of Egypt.  His will stipulated that Cleopatra VII and her brother Ptolemy XIII should rule Egypt together. She was murdered by his rival in 114 BC. "Cleopatra VII was born to Ptolemy XII Auletes (80–57 BCE, ruled 55–51 BCE) and Cleopatra, both parents being Macedonian Greeks." , In August 69 BC, Cleopatra V ceases to be mentioned as co-regent. Email; Back to Article; Related resources for this article. Cleopatra married her younger brother Ptolemy XIII and after his death, she married her younger brother Ptolemy XIV. 45–47, accessed online, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Ptolemy_XII_Auletes&oldid=1000662519, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles containing Koinē Greek-language text, Articles containing Ancient Greek (to 1453)-language text, Pages with login required references or sources, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Ptolemy Neos Dionysos Philopator Philadelphos, Queen of Egypt (June 58 BC – early 55 BC), Queen of Cyprus in 48 BC, claimed queenship of Egypt from late 48 BC until expelled by, Co-regent with Cleopatra VII (51 – 47 BC), Co-regent with Cleopatra VII (47 – 44 BC), This page was last edited on 16 January 2021, at 03:12. Egypt came under increasing Roman pressure nevertheless. , In 55 BC, Ptolemy paid Aulus Gabinius 10,000 talents to invade Egypt and so recovered his throne. Early life. to 51 B.C.  Ptolemy XII took no action in response to his brother's death and Cyprus remained a Roman province until returned to Ptolemaic control by Julius Caesar in 48 BC. She was the daughter of Ptolemy XII Auletes. Among politicians born in Cyprus, Ptolemy XII Auletes ranks 1. Cleopatra was a daughter of Pharaoh Ptolemy XII Auletes. Cleopatra was one of several children of a descendant of this first Ptolemy, Ptolemy XII Auletes. Ptolemy XII Auletes and the Romans 307 in bringing about the recognition of the king but, more importantly, as the major creditor who having consolidated the debts of Ptolemy Auletes to the Roman financiers under his name made both the Egyptian king and these Romans indebted to his services.  The exact date of Ptolemy XII's restoration is unknown; the earliest possible date of restoration is January 4, 55 BC and the latest possible date was June 24 the same year. His reign was officially dated as having begun on the death of his father in 81 BC, thereby eliding the reigns of Berenice III and Ptolemy X. Αὐλητής; translit. Cleopatra originally ruled Egypt with her father, Ptolemy XII Auletes. At first, Ptolemy XII was coregent with his sister Cleopatra VI Tryphaina and his wife Cleopatra V Tryphaena, but the former mysteriously disappears from the records in 69 BC. They were captured by Mithridates VI of Pontus probably in 88 BC, around the time Ptolemy IX returned to the Egyptian throne. Although the Romans had not acted on this, the possibility that they might forced the following Ptolemies to adopt a careful and respectful policy towards Rome. Ptolemy reigned during the Hellenistic period. Ptolemy also provided pay and maintenance for 8,000 cavalry to Pompey for his war with Judaea. 2nd/1st Century Bc King Of Ptolemaic Egypt, Page views of Ptolemy XII Auletes by language, Among people deceased in 51 BC, Ptolemy XII Auletes ranks. 2004. sfnp error: no target: CITEREFSchiff2011 (, harvtxt error: no target: CITEREFLefkowtiz1997 (, "Pharaonic temples in Upper Egypt from the Ptolemaic and Roman periods - UNESCO World Heritage Centre", "Eusebius: Chronicle p. 167, accessed online", Strabo, Geography, Book XVII, pp. He also asked Pompey to come to Alexandria and help to put down a revolt which had apparently broken out in Egypt; Pompey refused. Ptolemy XII Auletes received a peer review by Wikipedia editors, which is now archived. Ptolemy XII Auletes. He named his daughter Cleopatra VII as his co-regent in 52 BC. Near the end of Ptolemy's reign, the value of Egyptian coinage dropped to about fifty per cent of its value at the beginning of his first reign.. As a member of the Ptolemaic dynasty, he was a descendant of its founder, Ptolemy I. Ptolemy XII was an illegitimate son of Ptolemy IX by an uncertain mother. Ptolemy XII (Ptolemy Auletes) (tŏl´əmē ôlē´tēz), d. 51 BC, king of ancient Egypt (80–58 BC, 55–51 BC), of the Macedonian dynasty, illegitimate son of Ptolemy IX.He is also called Ptolemy Neos Dionysus. Important Facts. The strategic role of C. Rabirius Postumus as the With Roman funding and military assistance, Ptolemy XII was able to recapture Egypt and have Berenice IV killed in 55 BC. , The date of Ptolemy XII's birth is thus uncertain. Auletes có nghĩa là người thổi sáo, vốn dĩ ông có biệt hiệu này vì sở thích của ông là thổi sáo.  If he was the son of Cleopatra IV, he was probably born around 117 BC and followed around a year later by a brother, known as Ptolemy of Cyprus. Initially, Ptolemy XII funded them by raising taxes. This gave the Romans even more leverage over his regime and meant that the fate of Egypt became an increasingly immediate issue in Roman politics. To safeguard his interests, he made the people of Rome executors of his will.  Ironically, their father had reclaimed the Egyptian throne around the same time. In 116 BC Ptolemy IX's father, Ptolemy VIII, died and he became co-regent with his mother, Cleopatra III. Ptolemy seemingly had their leader Dio of Alexandria poisoned and most of the other protesters killed before they reached Rome. Cleopatra had … Dodson, Aidan and Hilton, Dyan.  There, Ptolemy XII and Ptolemy of Cyprus seem to have been captured by Mithridates VI of Pontus in 88 BC, at the outbreak of the First Mithridatic War.  Ptolemy adopted a new royal epithet Neos Dionysos (New Dionysus) at some time after this; Chris Bennett proposes that the epithet was linked to the break with Cleopatra. The Roman historian Cassius Dio wrote that a group of one hundred men were sent as envoys from Egypt to make their case to the Romans against Ptolemy XII's restoration. According to Strabo, his practice of playing the flute earned him the ridiculing sobriquet Auletes ('flute player'): Ptolemy XII died sometime before 22 March 51 BC. He ruled Egypt from 80 B.C. Auletes means pipes-player, referring to the king's love of playing the pipes. Monety bite przez Ptolemeusza XII Auletesa. At the start of this war, Cleopatra III sent her grandsons to the island of Kos along with her treasure in order to protect them. Sign up for our Britannica for Parents newsletter for expert advice on parenting in the 21st century! Thames & Hudson. Ptolemeusz XII Auletes - popiersie. The Ptolemy Dynasty was founded in Egypt by one of Alexander the Greats generals over three centuries earlier. At the same time, Ptolemy IX Soter replaces Ptolemy X Alexander, who is killed soon after. 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